We all get upset, grumpy, or down from time to time, losing interest or pleasure in our regular routines. Some people, on the other hand, seem to be intensely affected by these feelings for long periods of time and for no apparent reason. It’s tough to notice when someone is depressed since it’s not visible like other disorders such as cold, vomiting, skin rashes, or cancer; rather, depression is identified by how a person acts, thinks, and feels.
It makes day-to-day life more difficult to manage and limits one’s ability to lead a normal life by impairing mental well-being. It fully swallows you, as if a demon has taken control of your thoughts.
Common Signs and Symptoms
When an individual is experiencing something beyond sadness, they frequently receive messages from friends and family that say things like ‘it’ll pass, just get up and do some work,’ or ‘you have nothing to be frustrated about,’ instead of offering help since they don’t even realize what the problem is.
So, in order to be aware of it, everyone must be informed about its signs and symptoms. Firstly, it has symptoms that are associated with negative feelings such as sadness, anger, embarrassment, guilt, and vulnerability. Then there are behavior-related symptoms, such as, attempting to isolate themselves from near & dear ones, quitting going out, being unable to focus, decreased energy, not eating enough or overeating, and sleeping problems. Other symptoms linked with low self-esteem include suicidal tendencies, loss of interest in hobbies & routine pleasurable activities. These indications and symptoms have been present for at least two weeks in case of depression.
Types of Depression
Depression comes in a variety of forms. They may have some similarities in symptoms, but they also have some significant variations.
- Major depression
- Persistent depression
- Perinatal depression
- Seasonal depression
- Situational depression
- Atypical depression
- Bipolar disorder
- Depressive psychosis, and
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorders
Triggers of Depression
Certain life events can lead to depression, such as joblessness, being in a toxic relationship or going through a divorce, sudden loss of a close one, loneliness, work stress, failure, being diagnosed with a severe sickness, drug and alcohol abuse, and so on. It also may cause some chemical changes in our brain.
Treatment of Depression
When you’re sad, you believe you’ll never be able to escape this dark world. Despite the fact that many severe cases of depression have been successfully cured, treatment returns them to this bright and cheerful world. So, if you’re depressed, make sure you seek help, whether it’s emotional support, therapy, or medication.
If you’re not feeling well, don’t be afraid to seek mental support from your loved ones. You may receive realistic suggestions and possible reasons for your issues when you speak with them. Furthermore, having a listener who would simply listen without passing judgment is more important for a depressed person since it will allow him or her to believe that there is someone who can help. However, you can try alternative ways to overcome your depression like self-help, such as exercising, going for a walk or trip, writing a journal on a regular basis, and so on.
One-on-one counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy, and interpersonal therapy are all examples of psychotherapy, sometimes known as talking therapy. It teaches you how to use behavioral approaches to overcome depression and how to resist negative feelings. Therapy can make you realize why you act the way you do, the underlying reasons behind your depression, and how you can be happy again.
Antidepressants can be prescribed by a doctor, but they will not cure your depression completely. So, even if you’re on medication, don’t rule out other options, such as therapy or lifestyle adjustments.
Depression is a cage in which you are both the hostage and the offender. Don’t let it ruin your life; there are certain approaches to dealing with it. Nowadays, it is a relatively common mental disorder. Gender, age, or color aren’t factors. According to the World Health Organization, about 264 million people of all ages suffer from depression globally.
Written by: Swastika Karmaker